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- "Our revolution spits on the face of tyranny and oppression. Must importantly, it firmly stands it's grounds against Western and American imperialism. We Libyans are free from foreign, completely sovereign. We must stand together for a harmonious world, in which Africans and Arabs aren't looked down upon by the Westerners, who themselves are the sole reason for the poverty, corruption and low human development in the gem of a continent."
- ―Younes al Ashraar addressing the nation, c.2005
Younes Muammar Isa abu Qawi al-Ashraar (Arabic:يونس معمر عيسى أبو قاوي الأشعار ;born 14 December, 1943) commonly known as General Ashraar was a Libyan statesman, political theorist, revolutionary, socialist, military general and the Supreme Leader of the Revolution of Libya from 1965.
In 1965, he deposed the Western-backed monarchy of Libya in a coup, establishing the Socialist People's State of Libya. In 1988, he announced that Libya will be conducting elections for the newly created Prime Minister of Libya, but he retained the power to take all important decisions, especially regarding defense and military. His international relations worsened after it was discovered that he supported terrorist groups, and the failed border conflict with Niger & Sudan.
Al Ashraar supported the Alconbria Liberation Council from 1985 till 2007, and Libya was one of the first countries to recongize the sovereignty of the Territory of Alconbria in 1988. During his rule, Libya became one of the most powerful non Persian Gulf Arab countries, with a high per-capital income, gross domestic product and standard of living. In 2009, he announced that he will be abandoning the petrodollar, in favor of a pan-African dinar. He also maid attempts in repaying the international debts of the African nations.
In 2011, the United Nations Libyan Civil War in a civil war, after Alconbria intervened on behalf of Ashraar and protected his regime. Following the end of the civil war, al Ashraar began a crackdown on dissent and political opponents.