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Five Month War
Part of Western Sahara conflict
Fivemonthswar
Alconbrian armoured cars in Guelmim Es Semara, Morocco.
Date 4 July, 2013 – 27 December, 2013
(5 months, 3 weeks, 2 days)
Location Morocco and Sahrawi Republic
Result Christmas Treaty
  • Morocco recognizes the Sahrawi Republic
  • Morocco withdraws troops from Western Sahara
Territorial
changes
Morocco loses Western Sahara.
Belligerents
Sahrawi Polisario Front
Alconbria Alconbria
Algeria Algeria
Morocco Morocco

Spain Spain

Commanders
Sahrawi Mustafa Arif Ibn Ali
Alconbria Augustin Voimer
Algeria Krim Abdelsalaam
Morocco Ismail Ibrahim
Morocco Salim Abdelhafid
Spain Baldomero Sotelo
Strength
19,374 (Polisario Front)
850,000 (Alconbrian)
56,000 (Algeria)
200,000 Moroccan troops
1,000 Spanish troops
Casualties and losses
Polisario Front:
3,754 killed
1,284 missing
Alconbria:
12 killed
45 wounded
Algeria:
704 killed
1091 wounded
Morocco:
2,836 killed
4,274 wounded
Spain:
145 killed
12 missing
502 wounded
Total: 10,000 – 15,000 killed overall (including civilians)

The Five Month War (Arabic : خمس شهر الحرب) was an armed conflict between Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Republic that lasted for five months; from July till December 2013. The war ended two days after Christmas 2013; with Morocco recognising the sovereignty of the Sahrawi Arab Republic.

The war's roots began in December 2012, when Alconbrian President Ernesto Titeriez began sending arms and logistics to the socialist Polisario Front; with Algeria acting as intermediary. However, the unexpected 2013 Alconbrian coup d'état brought a sudden halt to the transactions. Nevertheless, the Polisario Front continued to rearm itself, with heavy Algerian help.

On 3 June, 2013; the Moroccon army raided a Sahrawi refugee camp; triggering heavy internal violence. Augustin Voimer, who assumed Alconbrian presidency condemned this act, along with Algeria's President Krim Abdelsalaam. The violence spread across Morocco, and by 3 June over 50 people were killed. On the same day, the Moroccan Army invaded the Polisario controlled territory and killed over 100 civilians. The next day, Alconbria declared war on Morocco, followed by Algeria. Over 200,000 Alconbrian troops landed in Algeria in the same day, marking the beginning of the Five Month War.

Nearly 85% of the Moroccan troops were deloped in Western Sahara, promoting Algeria to invade through the Atlas Mountains. Most of the Moroccan Air Force was destroyed by a joint Algerian-Alconbrian air operation, giving Alconbria and Algeria the air superiority. Spain joined the conflict in support of Morocoo after the Alconbrian Air Force bombed the autonomous Spanish cities of Melilla and Ceuta, citing it was Moroccan territory. The United Nations condemned the act of Alconbria, and called for the immediate withdrawal of Algerian and Alconbrian troops from Morocco.

On 1 August, Algerian troops reached the port of Dakhla. Alconbrian troops liberated the town of La Güera; which had been seized by a surprise Moroccan offensive a few days prior. Alconbria established a command centre there with the help of the Polisario rebels. and construction for a military port began. By the end of August, Sahrawi territory encompassed over the Moroccan berms.

The village of Guelta Zemmur was liberated on the end of August. Guelta Zemmur was the a well defended Moroccan town, and the casualties in the Battle of Guelta Zemmur is estimated to be around 2,000. The Moroccan army then retreated to defend the largest city, Laayoune. Laayoune fell on September 2013, and was jointly administered by Algeria and Polisario since then. By now, Morocco only retained control of 20% of the Western Sahara, it being desert areas in the east. Alconbrian troops then launched an invasion of Morocco; to which the Moroccan army retaliated heavily. After heavy fighting, the Moroccan city of Tantan was captured by Alconbria, followed by the city of El Ouatia.

On November, Alconbria invaded and successfully captured the city of Guelmim in a deadly battle, with casualties numbering around 5,000. Following this, under pressure from the world, a ceasefire was brokered between Morocco, Spain and Alconbria, Algeria and the Polisario Front. The conflict still loomed on, as several Spanish convoys were destroyed by Alconbrian air strikes in Morocco. On December 25, the Christmas Treaty was signed between the belligerents. According to it, Morocco recognized the Sahrawi Arab Republic, and the new state's borders were the borders of the Western Sahara. Alconbrian and Algerian forces had to withdraw from any captured Moroccan territories, which they did.

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