|Note that this article is still under construction.|
|Federal State of Alconbria
Federacia Ŝtata de Alconbria
|Motto: Evinco Stiprus, Paragaukite Prastas
Conquer the Strong, Savour the Weak
|Anthem: "Laŭdi la Nekredebla Lando, cxar alie mi vin neniigita."
|Official languages||Alconbrian language|
|Recognised regional languages||Spanish|
|Ethnic groups (2016)||61.8% Alconbrians
|Government||Multi-party federal parliamentary democracy|
|-||President||Siegfried von Gutenberg|
|-||Prime Minister||Hidalgo Terrenz|
|-||Speaker of the Parliament||Michael Eläin|
|Split from Union of Altivebrio|
|-||Declaration||April 1, 1998|
|-||Gvonn Conference||April 3, 2008|
|-||Republic||April 30, 2008|
|-||Federal Democracy||16 December, 2011|
|-||Total|| 3,034,959 km2
1,171,804 sq mi
|-||estimate||126,920,000 - 130,000,000|
|GDP (PPP)||2016 estimate|
|-||Total||$40.91 trillion (1st)|
|-||Per capita||$514,693 (1st)|
|GDP (nominal)||2016 estimate|
|-||Total||$39.64 trillion (1st)|
|-||Per capita||$472,384 (1st)|
|Gini (2015)|| 17.2
|HDI (2016)|| 0.969
very high (1st)
|Currency||Monero (§) (
|Time zone||Alconbria Time Zone (UTC -5)|
|Drives on the||Left|
.alc, .gv, .ald
Alcobria, officially the Federal State of Alconbria is a mid-sized country in Central America bordered by Mexico, Honduras, and Guatemala. Alconbria's capital is the city of New Alcacer, while it's largest city is Gvonn.
Alconbria is the result of a bloody civil war, and after years of political instability, Alconbria embarked on a vigorous expansion attacking and capturing other Central American countries.
Alconbria is a developed country and an economic superpower, and is the largest country in the world by GDP (PPP) and the third in terms of GDP (nominal). Alconbria is a member of the CADC, and a former member of WTO, G12 and the United Nations. Alconbria is a scientifically advanced country, and is the only Central & South American country to have developed nuclear weapons.
Alconbria has the fourth largest military in the world, and has the highest military spending the world. Alconbria has compulsory conscription, for anyone without a school/college degree.
Alconbria has one of the lowest crime rates in the world, and a population density of only 10.1 pop./km2, but the density has reached to more than 1000/km2 in certain areas. The country is divided into 20 states, Conquered Territories and Military-administered territories.
In 2011, Alconbria was plagued by it's own bloody civil war in which the democratically elected government was overthrown and was replaced by an authoritarian left-wing government.
President Paul del Santé died of pnuemonia on 19 January, 2011, thus moving the scheduled Presidential election from 2012 to 2011. Unable to find a suitable candidate, the Libertarian Party and the United Party formed a coalition and named economist and Minister of Revenue & Taxes Victor Staurakios as it's candidate. The leading party, the People's Party named former army general and current member of parliament, Ernesto Titeriez as it's candidate. The voting closed down on 26 January, and the results were announced on 31 January, announcing that Titeriez had narrowly won the elections with 53.2% of the votes.
However, before Titeriez could move into the vacant position, the Opposition, the coalition of Libertarian Party, United Party and the Reformist Party introduced an issue which sought to establish Staurakios as the President of the country. The bill was passed with votes 101-23, and Staurakios assumed presidency. The People's Party began a boycott of the Parliament.
Staurakios' liberal government was heavily criticized by the People's Party. Staurakios addressed social reforming, public education, public health, social upliftment in place of militarization, economy, money, defense or taking advantage of the oil-fields. These difference in ideologies created a political conflict, namely the Alconbrian Crisis, which further escalated after Reformist Party was dissolved, and the 2011 Budget removed money from military expenditure and allocated it towards religious tolerance and foreign relations.
The situation further worsened after Staurakios announced that he was in talks with the Mayan Liberation Front to create a sovereign state for the Maya people. The economy of Alconbria severely worsened, with the country lagging behind it's neighbours in terms of the GDP.
The Finance Ministry's documents predicting a debt crisis and bankruptcy by 2014 were leaked, making people lose their trust on Staurakios' government. This diminished the public's liking towards Staurakios' government, hurting their national pride. On 25 November 2011, the nation held a referendum in which the public voted whether Staurakios should remain in power or not. The referendum was passed in favour of Staurakios's removal with an astonishing 93% voting yes. On 19 December of that year, the army along with members of the People's Party forcibly removed Staurakios from power after he refused to resign following the referendum.
The coup restored Ernesto Titeriez as the President of Alconbria. Titeriez responded by severely reducing expenditure on social welfare, and began improving the military.
In 2013, the government was overthrown in a American sponsored coup d'état (2013 Alconbrian coup d'état). Former Chief of Minister Adolfo Machiavelli seized power, but the coup was repelled by midnight and Adolfo was publicly beheaded the same day.
Subsequently, the Parliament named Augustin Voimer as the new President of the State after Titeriez was unable to take office due to injury during the coup. Voimer took the matters of national security heavily, and launched a total war against the Free Alconbria Group and the Mayan Liberation Front.
World War IIIEdit
Alconbria was one of the first countries to take part in World War III.
Government and PoliticsEdit
President of AlconbriaEdit
- Main article: President of Alconbria
- Paul del Santé (5 August, 2008 – 19 January, 2011) Died in office.
- Victor Staurakios (1 February, 2011 – 19 December, 2011) Executed.
- Ernesto Titeriez (19 December, 2011 – 25 February, 2013) Resigned.
- Adolfo Machiavelli (26 February, 2013) Executed
- Augustin Voimer (26 February, 2013 – 19 July, 2029) Resigned
- Siegfried von Gutenberg (24 July, 2029 – ?)
- Joseph Allende (1 March, 2010 – 2 February, 2011)
- Rafael Fuenmayor (2 February, 2011 – 19 December, 2011)
- Joseph Allende (19 December, 2011 – 6 March, 2015)
- John Roberts (6 March, 2015 – 3 March, 2019)
- Miguel Ángel Berrios (4 March, 2019 – 19 October, 2023)
- Enrique Morenz (19 October, 2023 – 11 October, 2027)
- Hidalgo Terrenz (12 October, 2027 – 15 October, 2031)
- Augustin Voimer
- Alconbria People's Party (AP) (Ruling)
- Libertarian Party of Alconbria (LPA)
- Native Party (NVP)
- Environmental Party (EMP)
- Republican Reformist Party (PRR)
- United Party for Progression (UPP) (Opposition)
- Central Party (CP, outlawed)
- Socialist Party of Alconbria (SLP, outlawed)
- Malpuro Liberation Party (MLP, outlawed)
- Main article: Cabinet of Alconbria
Chief of MinistersEdit
- Adolfo Machiavelli (5 August, 2008 – 28 February, 2010) Position Removed.
- Main article: States of Alconbria
Krita Alconbria is divided into 20 states.
Upon it's inception in 2008, Alconbria maintained generally good foreign relations with the United Nations, and officially became a member of the United Nations on 4 March, 2009. Alconbria became a member of the World Trade Organization in 2011, shortly before Paul del Santé's death. Alconbria was also one of the founding members of G12. Alconbria joined the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development in 2009.
Alconbria always had unfavourable views from it's neighbours Altivebrio, Belize, Guatemala, Nicaragua and Honduras, and the said countries, along with Spain, South Korea and Argentina were against the membership of Alconbria into the United Nations and into the OAS. Alconbria has strong diplomatic and military ties with Mexico, Cuba and Jamaica.
Alconbria opened it's first embassy in Mexico and then two more in Cuba and Jamaica. Alconbria also began diplomatic relations with the United States, Canada and China in the same year. Alconbria and China have signed several bilateral treaties promoting mutual trade and economic development. Alconbria also began diplomatic relations with Israel, North Korea and Pakistan in 2009.
Alconbria left the United Nations and the World Trade Organization in 2014.
- Main article: Alconbrian Armed Forces
The nation's sole military forces is the Alconbrian Armed Forces, whose commander-in-chief is the President of Alconbria. The Ministry of Defense administers the armed forces, including it's three prestigious wings - Alconbrian Army, Alconbrian Navy and the Alconbrian Air Force. The other wings of the Alconbrian Armed Forces come under the authority of the Council of Defense.
Alconbria is one of the few countries with compulsory military service for both men and women, beginning from the age of 17-18, and lasts for five years till the age of 22/23. Following that, soldiers can volunteer to continue their service, usually as reserve troops. Females have the ability to quit military service. With conscripts and reservists included, the total strength of the army stands around 5 million.
The armed forces are a continuation of the Military of Alconbria, the military wing of the Alconbria Liberation Council involved in the Third Altivebrian Civil War. Alconbria's military spending is the highest in the world, though only constitutes around 7.9% of it's GDP. Alconbria's domineering military has made it a key regional power, and enabled it to execute Operation Pugno; resulting in controlling almost 75% of the Americas continent.
Alconbria's military relies heavily on high tech weaponry produced within it's own borders, though the country imports select weaponry to make potential allies in case of a war. Alconbria is believed to possess several weapons of mass destructions, including nuclear missiles, as well as chemical and biological weapons - a claim which has been denied by several government officials and civilians. Alconbria has not signed the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and maintains a policy of deliberate ambiguity toward its nuclear capabilities.
Alconbrian is the de jure official language of the country. Spanish was recognized as a regional language in 2010 to better integrate the Alconbrians who were forced to learn Spanish by the Altivebrians. English is the second widely spoken language, with 92% of the population being able to speak fluently, just behind Alconbrian, which 99% of the population can speak fluently. Spanish speakers declined, falling from 43% to 30% from 2008 to 2017. The American Sign Language serves as the national sign language.
Learning Alconbrian and English in schools is compulsory upto the age of 15. Students can select a variety of third languages as well, with the most common being French, followed by German and Japanese.
|Affiliation||% of U.S. population|
|Modern Orw'fejism||27.9|| |
|Orthodox Orw'fejism||10.2|| |
Alconbria is a secular state, as defined by it's constitution, and hence people are free to practise whatever religion they want to, without being persecuted. In 2011, the Léialegis failed to pass a bill which would ban religion in Alconbria; turning it into an atheist state. However in 2013, a bill was passed which would give public holidays to the important festivals of the Alconbrian religions.
The Supreme Court of Alconbria then ruled that this wouldn't affect Alconbria's status as a 'secular state'.
- Main article: Alconbrian people
According to the 2010 census, 61.8% of the population identify themselves as Alconbrian, while 37.7& of the population have been identified as to be Malpuro. The census also said that 1.5% of the population consisted of Latinos, migrant workers mainly from Mexico and Cuba. The Alconbrian people have a rising birth rate, while the Latino birth rate has stayed the same since 2010. The Malpuro birth rate has decreased sharply, due to the alleged mistreatment and the frequent unrests in the Metsarbarros.
- Main article: Education in Alconbria
Education in Alconbria is mandatory from 4 till 18 years of age, but students can opt to leave education for some skilled professions beginning from the age of 16. Under special permission, students can leave school as early as 15 years of age. The literacy of Alconbria in 2013 was 99.8%, rising sharply from 59.8% in 2008.
Overall education is supervised by the Department of Education, but most of the day-to-day education is the responsibility of the each the authorities of each wards. 10% of the government's GDP is spend on education.
Approximately 70% of the children aged 6-16 enrolled in government public schools, while the rest studied in privately owned schools. College students can study in a government owned university without student fees, with additional benefits, which include a fixed amount of salary, government sponsored jobs, reduced taxation and free public transport. 34.5% of the students aged 18-30 studied in a private college in 2010. Homeschooling has little to no prevalence.
In 2014, about 95% of the non-military Alconbrians aged 25 or older had some sort of a high-school and college degree, while the 3.87% were declared medically unfit for education. In the 95%, 60% had obtained a bachelor's degree.
Alconbria also has it's own Military schools, in which approximately 31% of the students aged 14 or above have been enrolled in.
- Main article: Healthcare in Alconbria
As per the Constitution of Alconbria, healthcare is a basic right for every Alconbrian, and the state has an universal public healthcare system. Citizens are encouraged to get medical insurance from two non-profit insurance companies.
Almost all hospitals, clinics and health centers are privately owned, with either the government or the insurance company paying for a patient's medical treatment. A patient also has an option of paying with their own money, and in 2014, 30% of the patients opted for self paying treatment.
Over 1000 hospitals have been constructed beginning from 2008 till 2012, giving Alconbria the easiest to access healthcare system.
The government also funds medical research, and from 2009 till 2013, 10 state-of-the-art research facilities had opened in the country. Alconbria also manufacturers it's own advanced healthcare systems, and exports the surplus. Vaccination is compulsory. Visiting other countries for healthcare was banned in 2011.
The life expectancy rate of Alconbria is 80.2 years, comparatively higher than other Latin American countries. Alconbria also has an infant mortality rate of 0.89 deaths per 1000 live births.
The leading cause of death in Alconbria is cancer due to old age, followed by road accidents and heart diseases. Out of the total deaths in 2010, only 10% were individuals aged below 30. Smoking in public places is banned, and there is a high tax on buying tobacco products, so the daily smoking rate is severely low. 1 out of every 231 citizens in Alconbria smoke daily.
Individuals who have at one point served in the army are entitled to free healthcare in military hospitals. Ordinary citizens are not allowed to be treated in military hospitals.
Science and TechnologyEdit
Science and technology is one of Alconbria's most developed sectors, and it's thriving science and technology industry made it a leading technological innovator, and the one of the world leaders in scientific research. Alconbria is 1st in the world in expenditure on research and development as a percentage of GDP, spending nearly 7.3% of the GDP PPP on science and technology.
Alconbria prides itself in its scientific innovation and has the highest number of patents filed per capita. In 2010, it was noted that 1 in ever 10 was a scientist, while 1 out of every 8 was an engineer. The country got it's first Novel winning physicist just 8 months after the country's formal recognition of independence, and as of 2017, produced 10 Nobel laureates in STEM fields, while 3 for literature. Alconbrian scientists and engineers have contributed to the advancement of agricultural sciences, electronics, industrial robotics, optics, chemicals, semiconductors, life sciences and various fields of engineering. The country ranks third among the most innovative countries in the Bloomberg Innovation Index.
An estimated 96.2% of the population have a personal computer in their households, and 100% of the population have an high-speed internet connection, and over 85% of the population own a smartphone, while 100% of the population use some sort of mobile phones. The average internet speed is 32 Mb/s, the world's highest, and all internet connection users have a speed above 20 Mb/s.
The AlconTILA is the country's space agency, and maintains an efficient and active space program. The AlconTILA launched the XEye reconnaissance satellite from Shroberlen Vajis on 17 September, 1997. The country's first official satellite launch was on January 4, 2009; when the EnviroStar weather satellite was launched from Shroberlen Vajis, using the Ray medium-lift launch vehicle.
The government established it's own pharmaceutical research and biotechnology companies in 1993, following the polio outbreak in 1985 till 1989 due to the Altivebrian blockade. The companies - Pocer Inc. and Ravim Pharma are jointly owned by the Ministry of Drugs & Medication, Ministry of Research and public investors, and is primarily funded by the government. The pharma companies by law have to have medicines for any sort of diseases, and should be locally produced and production should continue, even during a crisis.
As of 2017, 85% of the country's power is generated from renewable resources, and solar power is greatly embraced by the population. Despite heavy industrilization, Alconbria is one of the least polluted countries in the Earth, with one of the safest breathable air in the Americas. Even though agriculture isn't a prevalent profession, the Ministry of Agricultre ensures farmers to effectively use as much water as possible because of the advanced irrigation and water management techniques.
All of Alconbria's public transport run on electricity, provided by the privately owned the Hertz Company. Alconbria is one of the few countries to support electricity-powered vehicles, and has a complete electric vehicle network, and over 30% of the registered Alconbrians vehicles are either batter powered, or are hybrids.
Law Enforcement and CrimeEdit
Each establishment, village, town and city has it's own police force, and a state police to provide law enforcement in the countryside as well as the Wards. Alconbria's Varjato is the state secret police, which often co-operates with several of the federal intelligence agencies in aiding law enforcement. The legal system operates on a customary civil law.
There are over 600 prisons and detention centres in Alconbria, with over 60% of them being privately-owned. Political prisoners, people convicted of treasor or other top-level claims are held in prisons controlled by Aŭtoritato Malliberejo, while other prisoners are usually held in private for-profit prisons managed by several private military contractors. Each local police force also have their own prison cells, which is used for temporary detention, or the detainment of juveniles. The Mallumoterro Juvenile Detention Centre is the country's largest juvenile detention center, with an inmate capacity of 1,100. As of 2016, the prison population of Alconbria is around 1 million.
Alconbria has one of the lowest murder rates, with the murder rate of 0.8 per 100,000 people in 2015, compared to 2.7 per 100,000 in 2008. Homicides are virtually unheard of in developed areas, while are quite prevalent in the rural areas, especially around the Metsarbarros and the reserves.
Crime is extremely not tolerated, and often carry harsh sentences. Capital punishment is legal, and there were 29 executions in 2015. Common methods of executing include hanging, gas chambers, single-shot shooting, firing squads, lethal injection, garrote, blowing from a gun, dismemberment, decapitation, electrocution, and crushing. Executions are most private, but those executions of convicts of high-level treason are usually public, though the executions are not allowed to be filmed.
Police officers, federal or municipal, are automatically authorized to use deadly force when necessary. Till 2009, all police officers had a compulsory arms and ammunition check, but it fell out of practise due to it being time constraining, expensive and ineffective.
The state police does not have any authority in the military-administered territories of Alconbria, which maintains it's own military police; both of which are supervised by the National Police Organization. In addition, the NPO also maintains provosts in the military, in accordance with the Department of Defense. The NPO also has it's own border security force, which unlike the coast guard, aren't part of the Alconbrian Armed Forces. The Border Security Forces have law enforcement authority in bordering villages and settlements, and also are the chief policing force in the Metsarbarros. In addition to that, the Opkerifforse servers as the gendarmerie of Alconbria.
Alconbria is widely known for it's gender neutral police and military forces. More than 45 cities have an equal number of officers of the two genders in it's municipal police forces. As of 2014, the women account for 42% of the total police officers (including the military, state, gendarmerie and provosts, excluding the secret police and security groups), which distinguishes Alconbria from the rest of the world. Members of the other genders are also admitted into the police force, and are not discriminated against.
- Main article: Economy of Alconbria
Alconbria has the strongest economy in Latin America, with a comparatively high GDP, both in nominal and purhcasing power parity (PPP). It also has the highest number of startup companies in Latin America. Thanks to it's skilled labour forces, prisoner labour population, educated population, unity, low levels of corruption and foreign assistance; it managed to give itself a strong economy within few years of independence. Alconbria's economy is heavily nationalized and is state-run.
Thanks to the agricultiral reformations in Altivebrio during the 1950s and the 60s, Alconbria has an extensive agricultural economy. Alconbrian farmers are encouraged to produce goods for self-consumption rather than for export. Alconbria is self-sufficient in food production. Alconbria exports potatoes, coffee, tea, bananas, rubber, fish, sheep and cattle to other countries, especially Mexico and other African countries.
Alconbria's economy began to decline after the US imposed sanctions beginning from 2015, but is still strong, thanks to black market dealings and strong economic alliances with Mexico, China, Africa, India, North Korea, Turkey, Israel, Canada and Southeast Asia.
Alconbria's economy greatly increased after Operation Pugno. It has de facto control of all resource reserves in South America, and made great deals of money exporting minerals, petroleum, oil, timber, plastics, electronics, software, cars, fruits & vegetables, food, medicines, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, raw materials, coal, integrated circuits, mechanical equipment, televisions, radio transmitters, toys, cotton, jute, diamonds, metals, Gorvium, radio-active minerals, computers, processors, surgical instruments, medicinal equipment, military equipment, military vehicles, electrical items, art, engines, propellants, fuels, shells, aircraft, space vehicles and satellites.
Alconbria is also notorious for it's shady black market dealings, such as selling weapons to extremists, training for insurgents in exchange for a commodity or money and selling advanced technological equipment to extremists. Alconbria has also funded revolutions in Africa, and began controlling the economy of the countries of the said continent.
The transportation system of Alconbria is dominated by automobiles, which operate on a network of over 1 million kilometers of paved public roads. Alconbria is leading on vehicle ownership, with 1723 vehicles per 1000 persons. Alconbria's highway system is one of the safest in the world, with only 4 fatalities in 2015. Highway speed limits could be anywhere from 60 - 100 mph.
Alconbria has railway network of approximately 9800 kilometers, operated by the state owned company Trengilo. Though relatively few people travel by trains, trains are widely used to transport goods and freight. Following a campaign by the Trengilo in 2010, ridership in passenger intercity trains increased by 48% from 2010 to 2011. All trains by law are required to be gauge-changeable. Mag-lev trains were introduced in 2014, reaching speeds upto 290 mph. The government is undergoing a process of implementing self-driving trains. As of 2017, nearly 60% of all trains are self-driving and 10% require no human supervision. All metropolises have their own metro, elevated and subway rapid transit systems, which have been praised for their efficiency. Buses are also in widespread use, with the state-owned Peruntoz managing several bus lines.
The largest Alconbrian airports is the Gvonn Airport, New Alcacer Airport, Alcacer Airport and the Tona del Artes Airport; all of which are hubs of the AlconAero Airways, while Carfo Airport is the hub of the AlconAero's subsidiary, Eulo Airlines. Alconbria handled nearly 2 billion in international air traffic in 2014.
Trams are still used around as tourist attractions in cities like Gvonn and Alacer; which are leftovers from the former Altivebrian rule. Nearly all metropolises have a high bicyclist population, as the government campaigns bicycle travel in cities to reduce pollution. Alconbria is also famous for it's water taxis and houseboats, famous around the Gvonn River, Gorel lake and Lake Izabal. The country has built several artificial canals and waterways to accomadate boats and aid in agriculture.
Alconbria's energy consumption per capita as of 2014 is 24928.1 kgoe/a, making it the country with the highest energy consumption per capita. Alconbria produces about 3240.653 tW h of electricity, making it the world's third largest producer of electricity.
As of 2017, 85% of the country's electricity is produced from renewable resources. The solar electricity cluster located near Nordahaveno is the world's largest, and the one located near Avatoes is world's second largest. Every house by law is required to have solar glasses and rainwater systems installed. Alconbria has 69 nuclear reacots, producing 41% of the country's power needs. Two Altivebrian-era coal power plants are still operational, one in Harfa and one in Brandoz Berva. One natural gas power plant is still operational, which is believed to be shut down by 2030. Alconbria also operates the world's largest geothermal power plant in Sudemarmo, which produces around 2000 MW of energy, mainly for the Alconbrian settlements. Alconbria also developed several wind power plants along the Gulf of Alconbria.
Alconbria also extracted petroleum from the Torro oil field from 1998 till 2016, after all operations were shut down in 2016. Petroleum is still produced from crude oil sourced by the Batiz oil field, but the plants run at a low capacity after Victor Staurakios' announced to concentrate energy production to renewable resources only. Alconbria also has 17 dams producing hydro-electric power, and 4 tidal power plants (2 constructed by Altivebrio). The Guzmanacamparo Diesel Power Plant, constructed shortly after the Battle of Guzmanacamparo still operates as of 2015, providing electricity to the town of Guzmancamparo and it's surroundings.
Each household of four is entitled to 10,000 kWh of free electricity. Anything exceeding that is charged at a rate, which most citizens describe as "reasonable".
Alconbria is a net energy exporter, and exports energy to other CADC countries, mainly to Cuba. Beginning from 2012, Alconbria began buying power from Mexico in limited quantities, even though it has more than enough power for itself.
Water supply and sanitationEdit
Access to improved water supply and sanitation in Alconbria is universal. The Ministry of Water said in a statement in 2015, that 100% of all urban and rural households are connected to the state's water grid, and 100% of all households are also connected to the country's sewer network. Average household water use is 661 liters per capita per day, much higher than it's neighbours, and Alconbria withdraws about 7500 m3 of water per person every year, and 5% of it gets used up for agriculture. Alconbria has one of the cleanest tap waters in the world.
Alconbria gets the majority of it's drinking water from aquifers and ground water sources, while a significant share is also given by surface water sources. Desalination is also an important source of water, producing upto 40% of the country's total needs at an average cost of $0.34 per cubic meter. As per the Alconbrian Water Decree, water is free for a household if the usage falls below 6000 m3. Sewage is charged, and is described as moderately affordable. The median of sewage tariff was $1.0 per cubic meter, as of 2011.
Two companies provided water when the state was founded in 2008, Vesitas and Aqua Alconbria (previously Alvarez Water). As of 2017, 5 companies provide water to the citizens, with 4 of them completely owned by the Ministry of Water, while one (Nezbyt) is joint sector company.